Dog Group Directory.
describing dogs, Dog Breed
and Dog Type are both
used to identify Pedigree Dogs.
Dog Breeds: - are very
specific groups of pedigree dogs showing a recognisable
set of inherited characteristics, these
are defined by the Kennel Club (eg Cocker Spaniel or Rottweiler)
Dog Type: - is
a more general definition used by The Kennel Club to group
all pedigree dog breeds into seven categories. (e.g. a
Cocker Spaniel is a Gundog.)
types and Breeds are further defined in Group categories
Club uses the following group types for all pedigree
Pedigree Dog Breeds in their Kennel Club defined Group Types
The number of dog breeds worldwide is difficult to establish
but it is estimated that there are in excess of 500 different
recognisable dog breeds.This will include a great number of hybrid
Kennel Club is the primary registry body for purebred dog pedigrees
in the UK
In America it is The
American Kennel Club (or AKC)
In Canada it is The
Canadian Kennel Club (or CKC)
There are 209 dog breeds currently eligible for registration with
the Kennel Club and some 300,000 pedigree dogs are registered
American Kennel Club officially recognises 150 different breeds
According to the AKC a pedigree dog means, "the sire and
dam of a dog are members of a recognised breed and that the ancestry
of a dog consists of the same breed over many generations"
Canadian Kennel Club currently recognises 174 dog breeds.
Dogs (particularly those recognised by the various Kennel
Clubs) are a result of mans interference in the dogs natural breeding
habits which has taken place over thousands of years. Man involvement
started when he found a requirement to breed a certain type of
dog for a specific use for him..
This to some extent still exists today, it can be seen from the
Dog Groups that many dog breeds have very specific uses and these
are often honed, through breeding, to produce even better dogs
skills; Gundogs, Hounds, Working and Pastoral groups are still
bred for their "original purpose". It is only in relatively
recent times that dogs have been bred with the aim of winning
prizes in the show ring for their perfect looks and physical attributes,
thus enhacing the dogs value for further breeding.
What you see is what you get with Pedigree Dogs, puppies from
Pedigree Dogs will look the same, have the same temperament and
behaviourial characteristics as the parents
The word 'Hybrid', when referring to genetics means, the offspring
of genetically dissimilar parents or stock, especially the offspring
produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties,
species, or races. In general the word means, 'something of mixed
origin or composition
Dogs falling into this category are a cross between two pedigree
dogs types, they are also referred to as .Cross Breed Dogs and
the recently introduced concept of Designer Dogs
Where does the poor old mongrel dog figure in all this.
A true Mongrel Dog is in theory a mixture
of all breeds, in the UK the decline in the number ofstray dogs
has made it more difficult to find a true mongrel (if that was
easy definition of a Mongrel Dog is that it is "The result
of a Crossbreed bitch mating with a Crossbreed dog".but that
denies its history.
a mongrel might be described as a dog whose ancestry is generally
unknown and has characteristics of two or more types of dog breeds,
other areas of interest for anyone contemplating a Pedigree dog
as a pet
defines dog breeds as: -
Dog breeds are groups of closely related and visibly similar
domestic dogs, which are all of the subspecies Canis lupus familiaris,
having characteristic traits that are selected and maintained
by humans, bred from a known foundation stock.
term dog breed may also be used to refer to natural breeds or
landraces, which arose through time in response to a particular
environment which included humans, with little or no selective
breeding by humans. Such breeds are undocumented, and are identified
by their appearance and often by a style of working. Ancient dog
breeds are some of the modern (documented) descendants of such
breeds are not scientifically defined biological classifications,
but rather are dog groupings defined by clubs of hobbyists called
dog breed is represented by a sufficient number of individuals
to stably transfer its specific characteristics over generations.
Dogs of the same breed have similar characteristics of appearance
and behavior, primarily because they come from a select set of
ancestors who had the same characteristics. Dogs of a specific
breed will breed true, producing young closely similar to the
parents. An individual dog is identified as a member of a breed
through proof of ancestry, using genetic analysis or written records
of ancestry. Without such proof, identification of a specific
breed is not reliable. Such records, called stud books, may be
maintained by individuals, clubs, or other organisations.
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