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All Pedigree Dogs are grouped in breed types.





Working Group

Pastoral Group




Dog Breed Directory.

Undoubtedly most of the dogs in the UK will be of the cross breed variety (mixed breed, mongrels, mutts.....) . Cross breed dogs can be cute, often making great pets and friends, but can you always be sure how those cute pups will grow and what kind of dog they will turn out to be like.
Pedigree dog breeds are easily recognisable and have the advantage of a "Breed History".

When describing dogs, Dog Breed and Dog Type are both used to identify Pedigree Dogs.

Dog Breeds: -
are very specific groups of pedigree dogs showing a recognisable set of inherited characteristics, these are defined by the Kennel Club (eg Cocker Spaniel or Rottweiler)

Dog Type: - is a more general definition used by The Kennel Club to group all pedigree dog breeds into seven categories. (e.g. a Cocker Spaniel is a Gundog.)

The Kennel Club uses the following group types for all pedigree dog breeds

Hounds Gundogs Terriers Utility

***** Pedigree Dog Breeds Information *****

Dog Breed
1. Labrador Retriever
  Labrador Retriever Facts about breed type Labrador Retriever
2. Cocker Spaniel
  Cocker Spaniel Facts about breed type Cocker Spaniels
3. English Springer Spaniel
  English Springer Spaniel More info about dog type English  Springer Spaniels
4. German Shepherd Dog (Alsatian)
  German Shepherd  - Alsatian More info about Alsatians
5. Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Details about Staffordshire Bull Terriers
6. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Details for breed type  cavalier King Charle Spaniels
7. Golden Retriever
  Golden Retriever Golden Retriever dog details
8. West Highland White Terrier
  West Highland White Terrier West Highland Terrier Information
9. Boxer Dog
  Boxer dogs Breed details for Boxer Dogs
10. Border Terrier
  Border Terriers Breed type Border Terrier
11. Rottweiler
  Rottweiler dog Facts about Rottweilers
12. Shih Tzu
  Shih Tzu dogs Facts about the Shi Tzu dog
13. Miniature Schnauzer
  Miniature Schnauzer More info for Miniature Schnauzer dog types
14. Lhasa Apso
  Lhasa Apso Breed details about Lhasa Apsos
15. Yorkshire Terrier
  Yorkshire Terrier more to know about Yorkshire Terriers
16. Bulldog
  Bulldog Bulldog breed details
17. Dobermann
  Dobermann Pinscher Dobermann breed info
18. Bull Terrier
  Bull Terrier Bull Terrier dog breed details
19. Weimaraner
  Weimaraner More to read about Weimaraner dogs
20. Pug
  Pug dogs Facts about the Pug breed

2006 Top 20 Pedigree Dog Breed Registrations (Kennel Club)

Pedigree Dog Breeds in their Kennel Club defined Group Types

Hounds (Hounds have historically been used as hunting dogs, whether it has been through their relentless pursuit of game which is helped by their enormous stamina and dedication, or it might be the acute sense of smell and ability to follow trails that these dogs posess.

  • Afghan Hound
  • Basenji
  • Basset Hound
  • Basset Bleu de Gascogne
  • Basset Fauve de Bretagne
  • Basset Griffon Vendéen (Grand)
  • Basset Griffon Vendéen (Petit)
  • Bavarian Mountain Hound
  • Beagle Hound
  • Bloodhound
  • Borzoi
  • Dachshund (Various sizes)
  • Deerhound
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Foxhound
  • Greyhound
  • Harrier
  • Hungarian Vizsla
  • Ibizan Hound
  • Irish Wolfhound
  • Norwegian Elkhound
  • Otterhound
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Saluki
  • Scottish Deerhound
  • Whippet


Gundogs (Sporting Dogs)
As their name suggests this group of dogs are eager participants in the pursuit and retrieval of game.Over the years these dogs have been bred to retrieve, in water or on land, or to "set" , "flush" or "point" the game for the hunter.

  • English Setter
  • German Pointers
  • Gordon Setter
  • Hungarian Vizsla
  • Irish (Red) Setter
  • Pointer
    (German Longhaired)
  • Pointer
    (German Shorthaired)
  • Retriever
    (Curly Coated)
  • Retriever (Flat Coated)
  • Retriever (Golden)
  • Retriever (Labrador)
  • Spaniel (Clumber)
  • Spaniel (Cocker)
  • Spaniel
    (English Springer)
  • Spaniel
    (Welsh Springer)
  • Spaniel
    (American Cocker)
  • Spaniel (Irish Water)
  • Spaniel (Sussex)
  • Spanish Water Dog
  • Weimaraner


Terriers (The word terrier has passed into the language as someone that is game, feisty, tough and likes a fight. Originally dogs bred to hunt vermin (rats, mice, foxes) often digging them out of their lairs. They are dogs that can have a hard bite but this is offset by small mouths.)

  • Airedale
  • Bedlington
  • Border Terrier
  • Bull Terrier(English)
  • Bull Terrier (Miniature)
  • Cairn
  • Dandie Dinmont
  • Fox Terrier (Smooth Haired)
  • Fox Terrier (Wire Haired)
  • Irish Terrier
  • Jack Russell Terrier
  • Kerry Blue
  • Lakeland
  • Norfolk Terrier
  • Norwich Terrier
  • Scottish
  • Sealyham
  • Skye
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • Welsh Terrier
  • West Highland White
  • Yorkshire

Utility Group (These are probably the "old boys" of the dog groups, they serve many different purposes and in truth are not always generally purpose trained. They can however have specific functions, acheived mainly through selective breeding )

  • Boston Terrier
  • Bulldog
  • Chow Chow
  • Dalmatian
  • German Spitz
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Mexican Hairless Dog
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Poodle ( Miniature, Toy, Standard)
  • Schnauzer
  • Shih Tzu
  • Tibetan Spaniel


Working Group ( Their name tells it all, heroic and dependable, guarding, rescue, searching dog breeds----- Doberman Pinscher, Siberian Husky, Great Dane and St Bernard. Dogs who have been bred to perform guarding duties, and physical / rescue work)

  • Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Boxer Dog
  • Bullmastiff
  • Dobermann
  • German Pinscher
  • Giant Schnauzer
  • Great Dane
  • Mastiff
  • Rottweiler
  • St. Bernard
  • Siberian Husky


Pastoral Group (Roughly thought of as two groups; dogs for herding and dogs for protecting flocks and herds of domestic animals)

  • Bearded Collie Dog
  • Belgian Shepherd Dog
  • Border Collie Dog
  • Briard
  • Collie (Rough)
  • Collie (Smooth)
  • German Shepherd Dog (Alsatian)
  • Norwegian Buhund
  • Old English Sheepdog
  • Pyrenean Mountain Dog
  • Samoyed
  • Shetland Sheepdog
  • Welsh Corgi (Cardigan)
  • Welsh Corgi (Pembroke)


Toys ( The Toy dogs were initially owned by the wealthy and were viewed by others as status symbols - a luxury item with little apparent purpose. The trend continue to this day. )

  • Bichon Frise
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Chihuahua
  • English Toy Terrier
  • Italian Greyhound
  • King Charles Spaniel
  • Maltese
  • Papillion
  • Pekingese
  • Pomeranian
  • Pug
  • Yorkshire Terrier


Some other areas of interest for anyone contemplating a Pedigree dog as a pet

Choosing a Popular Dog

Best Dogs with Children
Rght Dog for Your Lifestyle
Dog Products Suppliers

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The number of dog breeds worldwide is difficult to establish but it is estimated that there are in excess of 500 different recognisable dog breeds.This will include a great number of hybrid dog breeds.

The Kennel Club is the primary registry body for purebred dog pedigrees in the UK
In America it is The American Kennel Club (or AKC)

In Canada it is The Canadian Kennel Club (or CKC)

There are 209 dog breeds currently eligible for registration with the Kennel Club and some 300,000 pedigree dogs are registered each year.

The American Kennel Club officially recognises 150 different breeds of dogs
According to the AKC a pedigree dog means, "the sire and dam of a dog are members of a recognised breed and that the ancestry of a dog consists of the same breed over many generations"

The Canadian Kennel Club currently recognises 174 dog breeds.


Wikipedia defines dog breeds as: -
Dog breeds are groups of closely related and visibly similar domestic dogs, which are all of the subspecies Canis lupus familiaris, having characteristic traits that are selected and maintained by humans, bred from a known foundation stock.

The term dog breed may also be used to refer to natural breeds or landraces, which arose through time in response to a particular environment which included humans, with little or no selective breeding by humans. Such breeds are undocumented, and are identified by their appearance and often by a style of working. Ancient dog breeds are some of the modern (documented) descendants of such natural breeds.

Dog breeds are not scientifically defined biological classifications, but rather are dog groupings defined by clubs of hobbyists called breed clubs.

A dog breed is represented by a sufficient number of individuals to stably transfer its specific characteristics over generations. Dogs of the same breed have similar characteristics of appearance and behavior, primarily because they come from a select set of ancestors who had the same characteristics. Dogs of a specific breed will breed true, producing young closely similar to the parents. An individual dog is identified as a member of a breed through proof of ancestry, using genetic analysis or written records of ancestry. Without such proof, identification of a specific breed is not reliable. Such records, called stud books, may be maintained by individuals, clubs, or other organisations.


Pedigree Dogs (particularly those recognised by the various Kennel Clubs) are a result of mans interference in the dogs natural breeding habits which has taken place over thousands of years. Man involvement started when he found a requirement to breed a certain type of dog for a specific use for him..
This to some extent still exists today, it can be seen from the Dog Groups that many dog breeds have very specific uses and these are often honed, through breeding, to produce even better dogs skills; Gundogs, Hounds, Working and Pastoral groups are still bred for their "original purpose". It is only in relatively recent times that dogs have been bred with the aim of winning prizes in the show ring for their perfect looks and physical attributes, thus enhacing the dogs value for further breeding.
What you see is what you get with Pedigree Dogs, puppies from Pedigree Dogs will look the same, have the same temperament and behaviourial characteristics as the parents

Hybrid, Crossbreed Dogs
The word 'Hybrid', when referring to genetics means, the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock, especially the offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties, species, or races. In general the word means, 'something of mixed origin or composition

Dogs falling into this category are a cross between two pedigree dogs types, they are also referred to as .Cross Breed Dogs and the recently introduced concept of Designer Dogs

Mongrel Dogs
Where does the poor old mongrel dog figure in all this.
A true Mongrel Dog is in theory a
mixture of all breeds, in the UK the decline in the number of stray dogs has made it more difficult to find a true mongrel (if that was ever possible)
The easy definition of a Mongrel Dog is that it is "The result of a Crossbreed bitch mating with a Crossbreed dog".but that denies its history.
Nowadays a mongrel might be described as a dog whose ancestry is generally unknown and has characteristics of two or more types of dog breeds,